Essential Oils


The Fabric of Cells and Their Molecular Building Blocks

Star InactiveStar InactiveStar InactiveStar InactiveStar Inactive

The Fabric of Cells and Their Molecular Building Blocks

General Composition
Water 80-85%  -  Proteins 10-15%, functional components, enzymes, receptors, etc. lipids 2-5%, phospholipids, membranes - DNA 0.5%, genetic code - RNA 0.5% -1%, instrumental for protein synthesis - Polysaccharides 0.1-1%, linked chains, back bone of the double helix - Salt (Ions) 1.5%, vital for signaling.

Amino Acids and Proteins
The 10, 000 different proteins of the human body are built of 20 amino acids. - Essential amino acids are n ot produced by the human body. - Amino acids have a carboxylic acid (ac idic) and an amino group (alkaline) - The presence of amino acids results in an amphoteric character - Carboxyl can bond with the amino group and form a peptide bond, by repeating this process amino acids can build chains - Long amino acid chains twist, fold, and rotate to form three-dimensional proteins - hence proteins have the following type of structures: Primary-Secondary (a-Helix,b-Sheet) Tertiary - Quaternary

Phospholipids: The Skeleton of Biomembranes

Glycerin is a C3 molecule, where a hydroxyl (alcohol) group is attached to each carbon atom. - As alcohols react with acids to form esters, both fatty acids and phosphoric acid react with glycerin to form a triester. - Fatty acids are acidic because of their carboxyl group. Unsaturated fatty acids are a vital component of membrane phospholipids. - Phosphoric acid is H3PO4- Phosphoric acid + glycerin =  glycerin -3-phosphate (phosphoglycerin). Fatty acids can esterify with phosphoglycerin. - The phosphate residue can continue to esterify (e.g., with cholin = trimethylethanolamin).

Sugar and Carbohydrates
Sugars are polyalcohols with an aldehyde- or keto-group, called aldoses or ketoses. Sugars are named accordingly to the number of C-atoms, trioses, tetroses, pentoses, hextoses and so on. - Sugars easily forms rings: pyranoses, furanoses, in many different stereo-isomeric forms. - Sugar can bond with sugar; the elimination of water creates a glucosidic bond. - Several sugar molecules of the same or of a different kind can form chains.

Nucleic Acids
DNA and RNA are nucleic acids: multiple molecules of different categories. - Nucleic ac ids are natural polymers consisting of many nucleotide building blocks. - Nucleotides consist of phosphoric acid, sugar (pentose), and base (pyrimidin e and purine). - DNA: the sugar is D-Deoxyribose: the bases can be thymine, cystosine, adenine, and guanine. - RNA: the sugar is D-Ribose; the thymine base is replaced by uracyl.

Reference: The Healing Intelligence of Essential Oils:Kurt Schnaubelt, Ph.D.

Who's On Line

We have 156 guests and no members online

Subscribe to Newsletters
Please wait
Cookies make it easier for us to provide you with our services. With the usage of our services you permit us to use cookies.